2016 has been a most divisive election term, yet, not unexpected. Let us look at the numbers to help explain the situation of which so many are ignorant. And, as it is well known, ignorance brings chaos, not knowledge
The first person taking the Presidential oath of office, George Washington, was elected in 1789, the 1st election term. Following the second election in 1792, with four-year intervals, there have been 56 additional election terms making the election of 2016 the 58th time the people have gone to the polls to elect Electors for a President.
Some President's held office for only one term, or less. Some for two terms. Some President's have died by assassination and some by illness and one by resignation. Two have been impeached by the House and not convicted by the Senate.
Franklin D. Roosevelt won four election terms, the 37th in 1932, the 38th in 1936, the 39th in 1940 and the 40th in 1944. The XXII Amendment, ratified February 27, 1951, placed a two-term limit on the office, nullifying the possibility of any other person repeating that feat.
Each President, as Chief Magistrate, administers his term of office under a number successive to his predecessor without regard as to how the different person assumed office. President Washington presided over the 1st Administration thru two terms. His successor, John Adams, elected by the 3rd term elections, presided over the 2nd Administration. Term numbers differ from Administration number.
The Administrations of one President, Stephen Grover Cleveland, elected the 25th term in 1884, presided over the 22nd Administration and as the winner of the 27th term in 1892, presided over the 24th Administration. When first elected in 1884, he was the 22nd person to take the Presidential oath of office. Cleveland lost the 26th term election to Benjamin Harrison who presided over the 23rd Administration and became the 23rd person to take the Presidential oath of office.
The election of 1892, won by Grover Cleveland, who presided over the 24th Administration, changing from the previous administration. Having taken the Presidential oath of office during the 22nd Administration, he is not counted as an additional individual having taken the oath of office. The count remained 23. The number of persons taking the Presidental oath is not the same number as the Administration number.
When Barack Obama succeeded George Bush and entered office by the results of the 56th term, he incorrectly stated in his Inaugural Address that he was the 44th person to take the Presidential oath of office. He was wrong. He was only the 43rd different person to take that oath responsible for the 44th Administration.
Media misdirection has commenced suggesting the winner of the 58th Presidential term is the 45th President to take the oath when he will be only the 44th different person to have that honor should Congress accept Electoral votes for him, and he will be responsible for the 45th Administration.
There have been two Presidents who obtained eligibility to the office of President by the exception clause. That clause allows a person not meeting the natural born citizen requirement eligibility as long as they were a citizen at the time of the adoption of the Constitution.
Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson both benefited from this clause because they had been raised under the foreign influence of a foreign born parent. Jefferson had been under the foreign influence of his English born mother and Jackson's parents were both foreign born in Ireland.
The 9th President, William Henry Harrison, elected the 14th term in 1840 to preside over the 9th Administration took office March 4, 1841 and died April 4, 1841. The shortest Presidency on record was followed by Vice-President John Tyler III to preside over the 10th Administration never having been elected to the office of President.
The 12th Administration and the 12th President, Zachary Taylor, took office March 5, 1849 having been elected the 16th term, ended with his death from acute indigestion July 9, 1850. Vice-President Millard Fillmore assumed the Presidency the next day as the 13th President presiding over the 13th Administration.
Republican Abraham Lincoln elected in the 19th term election, presiding over the 16th Administration, was elected by less than 40% of the popular vote, and the first President assassinated in office, was succeeded by Vice-President Andrew Johnson April 15, 1865.
Andrew Johnson was Lincoln's choice for Vice-President in the 20th term elections in 1864. Johnson listed his home State as Tennessee. Tennessee had declared independence from the United States and no Electoral votes cast from Tennessee were accepted by Congress when cast for the term in 1864 because Tennessee had not been accepted back into the Union. Andrew Johnson was, in essence, a citizen of a foreign State, and not a State within the Union of the United States, and therefore a foreign citizen.
Andrew Johnson and William "Bill" Clinton share the distinction of being the only two Presidents to have been impeached by the House of Representatives and not convicted by the Senate.
President James A. Garfield, Republican, died September 18, 1886 from an assassin bullet and was succeeded by Vice-President Chester A. Arthur, the second ineligible non-natural born citizen for whom Electoral votes had been cast and accepted by Congress.
Republican President William McKinley, the 24th President, died from assassination September 14, 1901 and was succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt as the 25th President presiding over the 26th Administration.
Republican President Warren Harding died in office August 2, 1923 and was succeeded by Vice-President John Calvin Coolidge.
Democrat President Franklin Roosevelt died in office April 12, 1945 and was succeeded by Vice-President Harry Truman.
Democrat President John Kennedy, assassinated November 22, 1963 was succeeded by Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson as the Chief Magistrate over the 36th Administration.
The 47th election term of 1972 re-elected Richard M. Nixon to continue presiding over the 37th Administration begun January 20, 1969. His resignation August 9, 1974 has been the only resignation by a President of the United States. The country had our first President, Gerald R. Ford, the 37th person to take the Presidential oath of office and in charge of the 38th Administration, and not elected by the general population of eligible citizen voters. The XXV Amendment to the Constitution ratified February 10, 1967, provided Law necessary for this result.
Congress, in defiance of the Constitution, has accepted Electoral votes for persons who are not natural born citizens. This is primarily what has created such a dangerous climate in the United States. The 43rd person to take the oath to support the Constitution is not a natural born citizen even though he presided over the 44th Administration.
The requirement for being a natural born citizen of the United States is the same as required of a Greek male to be eligible to qualify for citizenship in Athens; manhood, and an Athenian citizen father and an Athenian citizen mother. In the case of the United States, the requirement is manhood, and an American citizen father and an American citizen mother, neither having attained that citizenship by naturalization.
James Buchanan, elected the 18th term election as Chief Magistrate, the 15th person elected President, responsible for the 15th Administration, in 1856, was elected President by less than a majority of the popular vote. What is more important is that he was the first person not a natural born citizen and therefore ineligible to the Office of President. Congress, defiantly accepted Electoral votes for him without support of Law and contrary to the Constitution.
The elections of 1824, 1844, and 1848 preceding the election of 1856 also had winners who did not obtain a majority of the popular vote. Following the administration of Mr. Buchanan, the elections of 1860, 1876, 1880, 1884, 1888, 1892, 1912, 1916, 1948, 1960, 1968, 1992, 1996, 2000, and 2016 all produced Presidents who did not win a majority of the popular vote. When the Representation required by the Constitution are not enforced or corrected by decision in cases taken before the Supreme Court, the election results will continue to reflect the faults of Congress and the Supreme Court.
There is no requirement for a person to be pre approved for eligibility for the office they seek. When Barack Obama asked Hillary Clinton during the 2008 campaigns if she knew of any reason he could not run for President she answered honestly and truthfully, "No!" Their conspiracy continued with the introduction of Senate Resolution 511.
Senate Resolution 511, co-sponsored by Mrs. Clinton and Mr. Obama, was not necessary and introduced only to create doubt of John McCain's eligibility. Any person can be a candidate because it is the responsibility of Congress to determine legality and eligibility upon presentation of Electoral votes. Congress accepted illegal Electoral votes for Mr. Obama.
As example, Vice-President Joe Biden, in his first Senate candidacy was not the required 30 years of age and ineligible at election time. However, after winning the election and before the start of his term as Senator, he celebrated his thirtieth birthday and became eligible by age for the Senate seat.
Congress does not distinguish between political parties as members of that institution have accepted Electoral votes for unqualified person of both parties. Past Presidents who are not natural born citizens include besides Mr. Buchanan, are Chester Alan Arthur, Thomas Woodrow Wilson, Herbert Clark Hoover and Barack Hussein Obama.
Should Congress accept illegal Electoral votes for him, Donald Trump will be added to the list of persons that Congress has illegally accepted Electoral votes for and installed in an office they are not qualified to hold in defiance of the Law of our Constitution.
Because of the poor education received by all Americans at all levels, the fact that the loosing Democrat candidate received more popular votes than the winning Republican candidate may be upsetting, but not irregular. The irregularity is a result of Congress not abiding by the Constitution.
To make repairs on the system, the first requirement is to understand how the system is supposed to function correctly. The Constitution contains procedures intended to take place for modification or change to the Constitution by Amendment. Deputies at the convention commented that should the power to amend the Constitution be left to Congress, Congress, as any body of men, would be inclined to deny the change that would limit the power of their position.
That fear is now the reality. By not proposing articles to amend the Constitution, the expressed fears by the delegates have become the reality. The United States is an oligarchy by Congress, limited to the few at the expense of the many.
The Constitution is structured to work in a particular way. The men who designed this Constitution were far more intelligent than any government educated individual of today. Lack of education has always been a beneficial factor in the con mans ability to deceive and defraud. Congress would like to keep it that way and are successful according to test scores that continue to decline.
A prime example of how the procedure of Law by Constitution is intended to work is the case, Minor v. Happersett 88 U.S. 162 (1875). Virginia Minor wanted to vote in Missouri where she was a citizen inhabitant. The Missouri State Constitution only allowed male citizens the right of suffrage. She was not an eligible person because she was of the female gender.
The argument that other States allowed female suffrage was due to that privilege being in that State's Constitution. The National Constitution has this to say about suffrage: "Article I, Section 2, The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature."
Pretty clear. To vote for a Representative in the National Government you had to have the qualifications for voting in elections for members to the larger branch of your State Legislature. The reason was that the Constitution was not intended to promote or deny rights of the individuals in voting matters, but allow the States at that time to provide eligibility.
Some States had requirements of property in order to vote, as under Roman law. Those requirements differed among States and different between branches within a State. To keep the Constitution uncluttered, the requirements were referenced to the States. The deputies did not want to put requirements in the National Constitution that might be more stringent or lax than the State requirements, thus denying or permitting suffrage at the national level and not in the State they reside.
The Supreme Court decision in the Minor case included "Our province is to decide what the law is, not to declare what it should be" and "If the law is wrong, it ought to be changed; but the power for that is not with us."
The method of correction required an amendment, which became the 19th having been passed by Congress June 4, 1919 and ratified August 18, 1920. It simply states "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."
The XV Amendment gave suffrage to a different category of person previously disenfranchised. It reads: "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."
These two Amendments are proof the Constitution did not provide rights of suffrage to persons of the female gender or right of suffrage to persons of a race other than European. Any person who claims otherwise I would respectfully beg to differ.
The argument that Race or Gender was not a factor in the formation of the Constitution lacks credibility when these two Amendments were necessary to provide for Gender and Race in matters of suffrage. For holding an elected or appointed position in the National Government that required the "Advice and Consent" of the Senate still requires a separate Amendment which defines that law specifically.
The XIX Amendment provided for female suffrage only. The female gender was not provided with the law by amendment necessary to allow a female gender person to a seat in Congress. Had Congressmen respected and upheld their oath of office, supporting the Constitution, this is what ought to have happened in 1917.
When Jeannette Rankin having been elected by the vote of 1916 in Montana, presented herself to the 65th Congress to take a seat in the House, she should have been denied a seat for which manhood is required.
Ms. Rankin, like Virginia Minor, could then take her case to the Supreme Court to be heard. The Court, using similar reasoning, would have found that no State had any person of the female gender as an elected representative of the people or in any appointed position in State Government. Similar language would inform Congress of the need for law by Amendment, should the States ratify such an Article passed by Congress.
The Senate acted in disregard of the Constitution when Hiram Revels was before that body in February 1870 and allowed to take a seat without the required number of years as a citizen to be a Senator. The Constitution requires a man be a citizen for nine years to be eligible. Mr. Revels, by law could claim citizenship starting July 9, 1868, as claimed by 8 Democrat Senators who supported the Constitution and wanted to deny him a seat.
Mr. Revels had been chosen by the Senate of the State of Mississippi, which had been accepted back into the Union. He was chosen to finish the 6-year term from the election of 1864, which started March 4, 1865. Mr. Revels term ended March 3, 1871.
What seemed at the time a perfectly politically correct nomination by President Reagan of Sandra Day O'Connor to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court ought to have been responded to by the Senate with the Advice the Law required of them. Mr. President, a person of the female gender is not eligible to the Supreme Court until an Amendment to the Constitution has been ratified by the States from an Article passed by Congress. But, No! Congress had to defy the Constitution again. Are we not citizens of a nation under the law?
Since the time Ms. O'Connor took a seat and the additional persons of the female gender who have illegally been provided a means and method of subverting the law and Constitution, no decision from the Supreme Court has been in compliance with the Constitution. How can a person, take an oath to support law, make decisions involving that law, when they occupy a position contrary to the law?
A misguided effort to persuade some Senators and Representatives to deny Electoral votes for Mr. Trump has been proposed before the public. In a Republican dominated Congress, Electoral votes will not be denied Mr. Trump and I see this as a futile effort.
Should Congress want to start the healing and restore the country to Republican Constitutional rule of law, this situation can be resolved within law of the Constitution as it is today. This is what ought to happen in a country operating under a Constitution for the benefit of the people, the citizens and power behind the Constitution.
Under the 12th Amendment, in the opinion of Abraham Lincoln and others, Congress has the authority to deny Electoral votes for any person who does not meet the requirements of the office or any State that is not a State within the Union of the United States. Electoral votes ought to be denied for Hillary Clinton, and Electoral votes for Donald Trump as well, ought to be denied. This will provide them with a case to take to the Supreme Court.
That leaves a void of Electoral votes for the office of President. The 20th Amendment, Section 3, is the solution. It says:
"If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice-President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice-President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified."
History has shown that Congress is more likely to act contrary to, rather than in support of, the Constitution. I hold no expectations that Congress will spontaneously start to observe the Constitution. Likewise, for Congress to begin to develop the wording necessary to pass an Article to amend the Constitution in accordance with the political correctness of the day is just as unlikely.
Fortunately, there is a way for the people to addresss this situation and that can only go forward when the current President leaves office and returns among the people. Your donations to support that effort will determine whether our country will return to a Republican style of government or continue under rule by Congress.